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A referee can show a yellow or red card to a player, substitute or substituted player. Each referee is primarily responsible for a specific area of the field similar to those of the assistant referees in the diagonal systemexcept that the referees are allowed and encouraged to move away from the touch line into the field, particularly as play approaches the goal lines, football socks porn. The referee carries a yellow card and a red cardto indicate respectively a caution for misconduct or to send-off a player. At the end of a season, the top team is declared the champion. The two football socks porn referees are instructed by the referee to each patrol half of a single touchline on opposite sides of the field, football socks porn. This page was last edited on 2 Aprilat

football socks porn

Other markings define the position of the ball or players at kick-offs football socks porn, goal kicks, penalty kicks and corner kicks, football socks porn. The referee may punish a player's or substitute's misconduct by a caution yellow card or dismissal red card. Retrieved 4 March The growth in women's football has seen major competitions being launched at both national and international level mirroring the male competitions. Archived from the original on 2 November Kennell, The Gymnasium of Virtue:

football socks porn

Association footballmore commonly known as football or soccer[a] is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by million players in over countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Players are not allowed to touch the ball with outstretched hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers within their penalty area. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may also use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms.

The team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout football socks porn on the format of the competition. The rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played youtube porn 18 the time, specifically rugby football.

The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the midth century: Within the English-speaking worldfootball socks porn, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Mega fat porn videos now primarily use "football" for the formal name.

It was remarkably similar to modern football, though similarities to rugby occurred. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. Phainindaepiskyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.

They all appear to have resembled rugby footballwrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD. The Cambridge Rulesfirst drawn up at Cambridge University inwere particularly influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. They were not universally adopted. During the s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout football socks porn English-speaking world, to play various forms of football.

Some came up porn xxnx sex their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Clubformed by former public school pupils in[29] which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in The Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which eventually produced the first comprehensive set of rules.

At the final meeting, football socks porn first FA treasurer, football socks porn, the representative from Blackheathwithdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: Teen porn amater English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in formed the Rugby Football Union.

The eleven remaining clubs, under the charge of Ebenezer Cobb Morleywent on to ratify the original thirteen laws of the game. The Sheffield FA played by its own rules until the s with the FA absorbing some of its rules until there was little difference between the games.

The world's oldest football competition is the FA Cupfootball socks porn, which was founded by C, football socks porn. Alcock and has been contested by English teams since The first official international football match also took place inbetween Scotland and England in Glasgowagain at the instigation of C.

England football socks porn also home to the world's first football leaguewhich was founded in Birmingham in by Aston Villa director William McGregor. FIFAthe international football body, was formed in Paris in and declared that they would adhere to Laws of the Game of the Football Association. The board consists of four representatives from FIFA and one representative from each of the four British associations. Today, football is played at a professional level all over the world.

Millions of people regularly go to football stadiums to follow their favourite teams, [38] while billions more watch the game on television football socks porn on the internet.

According to football socks porn survey conducted by FIFA published inover million people from more than countries regularly play football, football socks porn. In many parts of the world football evokes great passions and plays an important role in the life of individual fanslocal communities, and even nations. Kapuscinski says that Europeans who are polite, modest, or humble fall easily into rage when playing or watching football football socks porn.

Women may have been playing "football" for as long as the game has existed. Association football, the modern game, also has documented early involvement of women.

An annual competition in Mid-Lothian, Scotland during the s is reported, too. In England, the first recorded game of football between women took place in The most well-documented early European team was founded by activist Nettie Honeyball in England in It was named the British Ladies' Football Club.

Nettie Honeyball is quoted, "I founded the association trany gay porn last year [], with the fixed resolve of proving to small as porn world that women are not the 'ornamental and useless' creatures men have pictured. I must confess, my convictions on all matters where the sexes are so widely divided are all on the side of emancipationand I look forward to the time when ladies may sit in Parliament and have a voice in the direction of affairs, especially those which concern them most.

However, the women's game was frowned upon by the British football associations, and continued without their support. It has been suggested that this was motivated by a perceived threat to the 'masculinity' of the game. Women's football became popular on a large scale at the time of the First World Warwhen employment in heavy industry spurred the growth of the game, much as it had done for men fifty years earlier. The team played in the first women's international matches inagainst a team from Parisfootball socks porn, France, in April, and also made up most of the England team against a Scottish Ladies XI inand winning Despite being more popular than some men's football events one match saw a 53, strong crowd[56] women's football in England suffered a blow in when The Football Association outlawed the playing of the game on Association members' pitches, on the grounds that the game as played by women was distasteful, football socks porn.

Association football has been played by women since at least the time of the first recorded women's games in the late 19th century. The growth in women's football has seen major competitions being launched at both national and international level best porn tube reddit the male competitions, football socks porn.

Women's football has faced many struggles. It had a "golden age" in the United Kingdom in the early s when crowds reached 50, at some matches; [62] this was stopped jenna lind porn 5 December when England's Football Association voted to ban the game from grounds used by its member clubs.

Association football is played in accordance with a set of rules known as the Laws of the Game. Two teams of eleven players each compete to get the ball into the other team's goal between the posts and under the barthereby scoring a goal, football socks porn. The team that has scored more goals at the end of the game is the winner; if both teams have scored an equal number of goals then the game is a draw.

Each team is led by a captain who has only one official responsibility as mandated by the Laws of the Game: The primary law is that players other than goalkeepers may not deliberately handle the ball with their hands or arms during play, though they must use both their hands during a throw-in restart.

Although players usually use their feet to move the ball around they may use any part of their body notably, "heading" with the forehead [66] other than their hands or arms. During gameplay, players attempt to create goal-scoring opportunities through individual control of the ball, such as by dribblingpassing the ball to a teammate, and by taking shots at the goal, which is guarded by the opposing goalkeeper.

Opposing players may try to regain control of the ball by intercepting a pass or through tackling the opponent in possession of football socks porn ball; however, physical contact between opponents is restricted. Football is generally a free-flowing game, with play stopping only when sunny leone hd porn ball has left the field of play or when play is stopped by the referee for an infringement of the rules.

After a stoppage, play recommences with a specified restart. At a professional level, most matches produce only a few goals. For example, the —06 season of the English Premier League produced an average of 2. Broadly, these include three main categories: Players in these positions are referred to as outfield players, to distinguish them from the goalkeeper. These positions are further subdivided according to the area of the field in which the player spends most time.

For example, there are central defenders, and left and right midfielders. The ten outfield players may be arranged in any combination. The number of players in each position determines the style of the team's play; more forwards and fewer defenders creates a more aggressive and offensive-minded game, while the reverse creates a slower, more defensive style of play.

While players typically spend most of the game in a specific position, there are few restrictions on player movement, and players can switch positions at any time.

Defining the team's formation and tactics is usually the prerogative of the team's manager. There are 17 laws in the official Laws of the Game, each containing a collection of stipulation and guidelines.

Football socks porn same laws are designed to apply to all levels of football, although certain modifications for groups such as juniors, seniors, women and people with physical disabilities are permitted. The laws are often framed in broad terms, which allow flexibility in their application depending on the nature of the game, football socks porn. Each team consists of a maximum of eleven players excluding substitutesfootball socks porn, one of whom must be the goalkeeper.

Competition rules may state a minimum number of players required to constitute a team, which is usually seven. Goalkeepers are the only players allowed to play the ball with their hands or arms, provided they do so within the penalty area in front of their own goal. Though there are a variety of positions in which the outfield non-goalkeeper players are strategically placed by a coach, these positions are not defined or required by the Laws.

The basic equipment or kit players are required to wear includes a shirt, shorts, socks, footwear and adequate shin guards. An little red riding hood porn comic supporter and protective cup is highly recommended for male players by medical experts and professionals. Players are forbidden to wear or use anything that is dangerous to themselves or another player, such as jewellery or watches.

The goalkeeper must wear clothing that is easily distinguishable from that worn by the other players and the match officials. A number of players may be replaced by substitutes during the course of the game. The maximum number of substitutions permitted in most competitive international and domestic league games is three, though the permitted number may vary in other competitions or in friendly matches.

Common reasons for a substitution include injury, tiredness, ineffectiveness, a tactical switch, or timewasting at the end of a finely poised game. In standard adult matches, a player who has been substituted may not take further part football socks porn a match. A game is officiated by a refereewho has "full authority to enforce the Laws of the Game in connection with the match to football socks porn he has been appointed" Law 5and whose decisions are final.

The referee is assisted by two assistant referees, football socks porn. In many high-level games football socks porn is also a fourth official who assists the referee and may replace another official should the need arise. In the past the ball was made up of leather panels sewn together, with a latex bladder for pressurisation but modern balls at all levels of the game are now synthetic.

As the Laws were formulated in England, and were initially administered solely by the four British football associations within IFABthe standard dimensions of a football pitch were originally expressed in imperial units.

The Laws now express dimensions with approximate metric equivalents followed by traditional units in bracketsthough use of imperial units remains popular in English-speaking countries with a relatively recent history of metrication or only partial metricationsuch as Britain. The football socks porn boundary lines are touchlines football socks porn, while the shorter boundaries on which the goals are placed are goal lines.

A rectangular goal is positioned at the middle of each goal line. Nets are usually placed behind the goal, but are not required by the Laws. In front of the goal is the penalty area.

football socks porn

In association footballthe referee is the person responsible for enforcing the Laws of the Game during the course of a match. He or she is the final decision-making authority on all facts connected with play, and is the only official on the pitch with the authority to start and stop play and impose disciplinary action against players bi three some porn a match, football socks porn.

At most levels of play the referee is assisted by two assistant referees formerly known as linesmenwho are empowered to advise the referee in certain situations such as the ball leaving play or infringements of the Laws of the Game occurring out of the view of the referee; however, the assistant referees' decisions are not binding and the referee has authority to overrule an assistant referee. At higher levels of play the referee may also be assisted by a fourth official who supervises the teams' technical areas and assists the referee with administrative tasks.

Referees' remuneration for their services varies between leagues. Many are wholly amateur, some may be paid a small fee or reimbursed for expenses, and, in some countries, a limited number of referees — football socks porn those who officiate in their country's top league football socks porn are employed full-time by their national associations and receive a retainer at the start of every season plus match fees. Referees are licensed and trained by the same national organisations that are members of FIFA.

International games between national teams require FIFA officials, football socks porn. Otherwise, the local national organisation determines the manner of training, ranking and advancement of officials from the youngest youth games through professional matches.

The referee's powers and duties are described by Law 5 of the Laws of the Game. As per Law 9 of the game Ball in and out of playif during the game the ball hits the referee or an assistant there is no stoppage in play. Modern day referees and their assistants wear a uniform consisting of a jersey, badge, football socks porn, shorts football socks porn socks: Traditionally that uniform was almost always all black, unless one of the teams was wearing a very dark jersey in which case the referee would wear another colour of jersey usually red to distinguish himself from both teams.

At the World Cup finalsnew jerseys were introduced that gave officials a choice of burgundy, yellow or white, and at the same time the creation of the Premier League in England saw referees wear rihanna porn scene jerseys: Since then, most referees have worn either yellow or black, football socks porn, but the colours and styles adopted by individual associations vary greatly.

For international contests under the supervision of FIFA, Adidas uniforms are worn because Adidas is the current sponsor, football socks porn. FIFA allows referees to wear five colours: Along with the jersey, referees are required to wear black shorts, black socks with white stripes in some casesand black shoes.

The badge, which displays the referee's license level and year of validity, is often affixed to the left chest pocket. All referees carry a whistle, football socks porn, a watch, football socks porn, penalty cards, a data wallet with pen and paper, and a coin for determining who gets the first kick-off in each half. Most are football socks porn to have more than one of each on them in stiletto porn they drop a whistle or a pen runs out and so on.

Often, referees utilize two watches so that they can use one to calculate time lost for stoppages for the purposes of added time. At the highest levels, referees wear a full duplex radio with customised headset to communicate between each other [3] and assistant referees use electronic flags, which send a signal to the referee when a button is pushed. Referees use a whistle to help in match erika christensen porn. The whistle is football socks porn needed to stop, start or restart play but should not be used for all stoppages, starts or restarts.

FIFA's Laws of the Game document gives guidance as to when the whistle should and should not be used. Before the introduction of the whistle, referees indicated their decisions by waving a white handkerchief. The whistles that were first adopted by referees were made by Joseph Hudson at Mills Munitions in Birmingham, England. It is frequently stated the referee's whistle was first used in a game between Nottingham Forest and Sheffield Norfolk in ; however the last such fixture known to have taken place between the two clubs was in The Nottingham Forest account book of apparently recorded the purchase of an "umpire's whistle" and in an article by R M Ruck about his playing days in the early s referred to the use of a whistle by umpires to indicate an infringement.

The whistle was not mentioned in the Laws of the Game until when an IFAB Decision was added as footnote b to Rachel porn actress 2, stating "A Referee's control over the players for misconduct or ungentlemanly behaviour commences from the time he enters the field of play, but his jurisdiction in connection with the Laws of the Game commences from the time he blows his whistle for the game to start. Inwhen IFAB greatly expanded the Laws of the Game Additional Instructions section, a full page of advice on how and when the whistle should be used as a football socks porn and control mechanism by the referee became available.

Referees in football are first described by Richard Mulcaster in In the modern era, football socks porn, referees are first advocated in English public school football gamesnotably Eton football in In the early years of the codified sport it was assumed that disputes could be adequately settled by discussion between gentlemen players who would never deliberately commit a foul, football socks porn.

However, as play became more competitive, football socks porn, the need for officials grew. Initially there existed two umpires, one per team, who could be appealed to with the referee the game's timekeeper being "referred" to if the umpires couldn't agree. The promotion of referees to the dominant sex porn com free they occupy today, and the reformation of umpires into the linesmen role, occurred as part of a major restructuring of the laws in The predominant system of positioning and division of responsibility used by football match officials throughout the world is known as the Diagonal system of control DSC.

The referee has final decision-making authority on all matters. The referee is assisted by two assistant referees who advise football socks porn referee. An assistant referee's judgement is only enforced if the referee accepts that judgement, and the referee has the authority to unilaterally overrule an assistant referee.

The referee is the only official empowered with starting and stopping play, and meting out disciplinary actions such as cautions or send-offs. The two assistant referees are instructed by the referee to each patrol half of a single touchline on opposite sides of the field. For example, on a field running north-south, one assistant referee AR would run on the eastern touchline from the north goal line to the halfway line, while the other assistant referee would run on the western touchline from the south goal line to the halfway line.

In general, the assistant referees' duties would be to indicate using their flags: Generally, the ARs will position themselves in line with either the second to last opponent or the ball — whichever is closer to the football socks porn line — to better judge offside infractions.

However, the assistant referee will have specific positioning with respect to corner kicks football socks porn, penalty kickand throw-ins. The referee patrols the length of the field to cover the ground not covered by his two assistants, generally running in a diagonal pattern from the southeast quadrant of the field towards the northwest quadrant; hence the term "diagonal system of football socks porn.

Note that this pattern is not a specific route but a general guideline that should be modified to the style of play, nature of the game, the location of play at a given time, etc.

In some cases the referee may even sfv porn the field if it aids in his decision-making ability. The main idea is that the referee and assistants using the DSC should be able to position themselves quickly and easily to observe the important aspects of play offside, ball in or out of play, goal-scoring opportunities, challenges for the ball from multiple angles with multiple sets of eyes.

Note that the description above refers to a left diagonal system of control, known as "running a left" or "standard diagonal". If, before the match, the center referee on this field decides to run from southwest to northeast, then the assistants must position themselves accordingly and the result will be a right diagonal system of control, football socks porn, otherwise referred to as "running a right" or "reverse diagonal". In many cases in the UK, referees now use more of a 'curve' based on a line running from the edge of the 18 yard box, and when near the centre circle they then curve to a line level with the other 18 yard box line.

This is similar to the diagonal system, but with the speed of modern football it is easier to keep up with play. In international matches the left-wing diagonal shown above has been universal since the s. It is now predominant across the world. England until recently was an exception to this convention. Until referees in the Football League were required to run both diagonals during a match, most opting to run from right wing to right wing in the first half before switching to the left-wing diagonal for the second half.

The chief reason for this alternation was to avoid linesmen long erotic porn down the same part of the touchline during matches — this was important given the generally lower quality of pitches at the time. However switching diagonal was also justified in terms of allowing officials to patrol different areas of the field during games.

From the —75 season English referees were allowed to run the football socks porn diagonal throughout the same match, football socks porn. Most initially opted for the right-wing diagonal although over the years the left-wing diagonal became increasingly popular and the preferred choice of most referees by the early s.

From —08 the left-wing diagonal has been mandatory in English professional football although some referees at lower levels still use the opposite approach. While the Laws of the Game and FIFA mandate for a single referee with assistants as described above, a less common system, the dual systemhas two referees with no assistants.

Both referees have equal authority, and the decision of one referee is binding on the other. Each referee is primarily responsible for a specific area of the field similar fuentes porn those of the assistant referees in the diagonal systemfootball socks porn, except that the referees are allowed and encouraged to move away from the touch line into the field, particularly as play approaches the goal lines.

Like the assistant referees in the diagonal system, each referee is responsible for patrolling one touch line and one goal line and determining possession for the restart if the ball goes out of play on either of those two boundaries. Positioning in the dual system is similar to that used by officials in basketball: Football socks porn lead is positioned ahead of the play, even with the second-to-last defender to the extent possible, while the trail is positioned behind the play.

Both are responsible for calling fouls and misconduct and determining the restart when the ball goes out of play on one of their assigned boundary lines.

Football socks porn the lead is in a better position to determine offside, the lead is responsible for calling offside, while the trail provides an extra monitor for fouls and misconduct while the lead's attention is focused on offside. When the attack changes direction, the trail becomes the lead and vice versa. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For officials including referees in American football, see Official American football. The referee carries a yellow card and a red cardto indicate respectively a caution for misconduct or to send-off a player.

The Man in Black: Retrieved 5 September Retrieved 13 May United States Soccer Federation. Archived from the original on 27 September Its Flaws and How to Cope".

Retrieved 6 March The age of two referees for each match takes a step closer Mail Online". Laws of the Game rules of association football. The Field of Play Law 2: The Ball Law 3: The Number of Players Law 4: The Players' Equipment Law 5: The Referee Law 6: The Other Match Officials Law 7: The Duration of the Match Law 8: The Start and Restart of Play Law 9: The Method of Scoring Law Fouls and Misconduct Law Free kicks direct and indirect Law The Penalty Kick Law The Throw-In Law

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